How to build a wood deck.

Installing the framing on your wood deck

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Building A Wood Deck

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Raised garden beds are functional and easy to build and maintain. Where you build your raised garden bed on your wood deck are in your yard. If your yard has poor soil, raised beds are an idea to add ornamental or vegetable gardens to your outside home.

 

 

 

 How to build  a wood deck.

 

Framing your wood deck

 

  Installing a beam.

 

1. Marking the corner post. Use a long, straight piece of lumber, a line lever, or a water lever to mark the location of the beam on the post. Start at a corner post. First, find the spot that is level with the top of the ledger. Make a mark, this shows where the top of the joists will be as well as the top of the beam. From this mark, measure down the width of your joists.

 

2. Marking the rest of the deck posts. Use a chalk line to extend lines between the beam marks you made on the corner posts.

 

3. Cutting off the deck posts. Unless your posts will rise up to become part of the railing or a bench, use a saw to cut the deck posts flush to the top of the beam.

 

 

 

 

         How to build a wood deck

 

Hanging the joists

 

Joists are usually attached to the ledger on one end and a header joist or a beam on the other end. Where it is possible -at the header joist, for example--you can attach the joists by back nailing, that is, by nailing through the face of the header into the end grain of the joists. Use 3 inch deck screws or 16 d galvanized nails, three per joist. Joist hangers are preferred in all locations by most building departments.

 

 

 

 

1. Building the deck frame

 

It is usually easiest to start by assembling the outside members into a box. Assemble them carefully because they will probably be the most visible. Pre drill for all screws or nails that come near the end of a board. At the corners, connect the header and outside joists together with 16 d galvanized nails or 3 inch deck screws.

 

 2. Installing joist hangers.

 

At each joist location on the ledger and header install a joist hanger. Use galvanized joist hanger nails. To position the hangers properly, take a short block of joist material and hold it in place. It should touch the line and cover the x, but most importantly its top edge must be flush with the top of the ledger or header. The joist ends must butt against the ledger or header tightly at all points. Install each joist crown side up. If joist is so tight that it starts to bend, take it out and re cut it.

 

 

 

 

  3. Bracing  your wood deck.

 

Decks that are raised above the ground more than 4 feet need extra lateral support to keep them from swaying. The only trick, making accurate 45 degree cuts and making sure the pairs of braces are exactly the same size, for a uniform look. In most cases, simple Y bracing is sufficient. Attach bracing with 4 inch lag screws.

 

4. Fastening the wood deck.

 

Now you’re ready to make some visible progress. Deck fastening is best done on your knees, so you may want to get a kneeling pad or a pair of knee pads if you tend to get sore. As you place each board into position, make sure the wild end hangs over far enough so that when you make your final cut you will be able to remove any little cracks at the ends of the boards. For angled, herringbone, and parquet designs, you will need to measure and cut at least some of the boards as you go. Think ahead to when you will make your final cut of the boards that are running wild, and make sure that your circular saw will be able to complete these cuts. This usually means that the boards closest to the house will need to be cut to exact length. If you are fastening with nails, angle them toward each other for greater holding power. Drive your screws or nails so that they barely break the surface of the board and their tops are flush with the top of the decking. If the wood is dry use 16 d nails as spacers. If the wood is wet butt the decking together. The wood will shrink later creating the necessary gap. Making the final cuts. Snap a chalk line, and use your saw to cut the decking boards that ran wild during installation.

 

5. Trimming the deck boards. Great job on the deck installation. Deck building is not all that bad.

 

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