Building a stream..

Designing a stream.

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Building a stream

 

Designing a stream

 

A stream or watercourse typically runs from a waterfall to a pond. However, it can also function completely independently or be teamed up with another element, such as a bog garden. As with a waterfall, design the stream so it looks as though it had occurred naturally.

If your property has a gentle, natural slope, it should lend itself well to stream construction. Let the stream follow the natural terrain if possible. Keep in mind that a stream is often more interesting if it is not all visible at once. Design the stream with an occasional dam so that it holds water when the pump isn’t operating A vertical drop of 1 to 2 inches per 10 feet of length provides adequate flow.

 

 

 

1. Installing flexible liner for a stream begins by creating an evenly pitched slope, as with a preformed unit stream.  Mark the route of the stream with stakes or spray paint. Excavate the desire depth, allowing for a 2 inch sand base. Create a series of low cascades at various intervals, and make pools deep enough to retain water even when the pump is turn off.

2. Build up the sides outside border of the stream with previously excavated soil. This helps to prevent runoff surface water from entering the stream. Create foundations or dams for the cascades within the streamed, using tamped soil bricks, concrete blocks or treated wood timbers under the flexible liner.

3. Cover these dams with geo textile underlayment or carpet. Ensure that the top of the streamed excavation is level across its width. As you check the level of the entire stream, adjust the sides as needed.

4. lay a 2 inch sand base on the bottom, add any foundation and underlayment, and install the flexible liner. Ideally use a single piece for the entire length of the stream. If you use more than one piece, plan the connections for the cascade points and lap the upstream liner section over the downstream liner section. Create a secure seam at each overlap point, using liner sealing tape.

5. When the stream proves itself watertight, place rocks in the flowing water to create ripples and velocity changes. Then check again for water loss. Install piping along the stream from the bottom up to the start of your water feature. Landscape around the stream to soften the rockwork and naturalize the area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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